This creature is a capybara, the largest rodent in the world.
The females, larger than the males, can measure up to 130 centimeters (4.3 ft) in length and weigh as much as 65 kg (140 lb).
Capybaras are abundant throughout Brazil and have been for many thousands of years.
They’re reputed ('ve never eaten one) to be quite tasty, with a meat not unlike pork.
But this post isn’t really about capybaras,
It’s about the Parque Nacional da Serra da Capivara (Capybara Mountain Range National Park).
The park named after the mountains, named after the capybaras that once lived there, is located in the northeastern State of Piaui.
And it’s there, where that little green dot is located, that you will find the vestiges of the largest concentration of prehistoric small farms in all of the Americas (North, Central and South).
And a remarkable collection of rock paintings, some of which were created more than 14,000 years ago.
There are five main cultural themes.
Rituals performed around a tree.
There is also quite a bit of entirely incomprehensible iconography, like human bodies heaped on a pyramid.
The paintings of the Serra da Capivara are neither as old, nor as beautiful as those of Lascaux:
But their great age makes them pretty impressive, all the same.