by Leighton Gage
Do you notice any similarity between these gentlemen?
No, neither do I.
Paramount has chosen Brad Pitt to play Percy Fawcett in an upcoming version of David Grann’s non-fiction book The of Z. It’s going to be, according to them, an Amazonian mystery/thriller. Lost City
And that virtually guarantees to muddy the waters still further about the death of the English explorer who was swallowed up by the Brazilian jungle back in 1925.
Grann, in his book, doesn’t really solve the mystery of what happened to Fawcett.
But he does reject the account of Orlando Villas-Bôas.
Orlando, who died in 2002, was a sertanista, a kind of wilderness explorer peculiar to
, and the country’s Indian expert par excellence. He spent many years living among the tribes, spoke their languages, established first contact with many of them, and was instrumental in determining a just government policy toward all the indigenous peoples. Brazil
I knew Orlando Villas-Bôas personally. He was neither a liar nor a boaster, and his life was packed with more adventure than that of anyone I ever knew. Why, then, should he make things up?
claimed (and I believed him) to have heard the true story of what happened to Fawcett from one of the murderers, a member of the Kalapalos tribe. Orlando
Grann visited the Kalapalos in 2005 and got an “oral account” of the incident.
Both accounts are similar in some respects.
They agree that Fawcett and his men stayed in the village of the Kalapalos.
They agree that Fawcett and his companions had a mishap on the river and lost most of the gifts they’d bought to placate the Indians.
They agree that most of the members of Fawcett’s expedition were sick by the time they contacted the Kalapalos. (And, therefore, a danger to the tribe.)
Then the two accounts begin to differ.
According to Grann, the expedition set off to the eastward. The tribesmen, he said, warned Fawcett not to go that way, because the region was inhabited by “fierce Indians”. But Fawcett decided otherwise. And disappeared. End of story. (And this is going to make a mystery/thriller?)
Grann, however, does not relate, and perhaps never discovered, three additional precipitating incidents.
And those incidents, for Orlando Villas-Bôas, were of more moment than sickness and/or the absence of gifts. According to
- Jack Fawcett, Percy’s son, urinated in the river upstream of the village, upstream of where the Kalapalos drew their drinking water. It was an affront to the entire tribe to do so.
- One of the members of Fawcett’s expedition shot a small animal. They brought it into the village and hung it up by a cord to preserve the meat from insects and small scavengers. One of the Indians came along and tried to remove a piece of the meat. An expedition member pushed him away. Another affront. The Kalapalos share food. Not to do is unacceptable behavior.
- A small child approached the white men and started playing with their goods. They pushed the child away. The child came back and did it again. One of the white men, in the European custom of the time, struck the child. And that was the greatest affront of all. The Kalapalos never strike their children.
That final incident, according to
, sealed the fate of Fawcett and his men. The Indians waited until the next morning, allowed the expedition to get some distance down the trail and then ambushed and killed them all. Orlando
So who are we to believe?
Grann, who has written an excellent book, and one which I highly recommend?
Take your pick.
One thing's for sure, though.
We sure as hell aren’t going to get the truth from